Ali Abdullah Saleh

President of Yemen, Survived

On 3 June 2011, Saleh was injured in a bomb attack on his presidential compound. A few weeks before the case, the president went back on from an agreement he signed with the opposition, in which it was agreed that he would resign within a month.

“If (Yemen) is engulfed in a civil war, they will be responsible for it and the bloodshed”


While it is unknown who committed the first assassination attempt, the second attempt was made by the Houthi Terrorist Organization. During the time of Saleh, the organization founder, Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi (in the picture) suffered from multiple attacks by Saleh's government.

Al-Houthi was accused of trying to set himself up as an imam, of setting up unlicensed religious centers, of creating an armed group called Ansarallah and of staging violent anti-American and anti-Israeli protests, as al-Houthi's followers felt Yemen's government was too closely allied with the United States.

On 2004, Al-Houthi was assassinated by the Yemen army, an act that led his followers to name the organization after his name and set Saleh's government as a traget.


Mohammed Magariaf

President of the General National Congress in Libya, Survived

On 4 January 2013, he had been visiting the town with a GNC delegation as part of a fact-finding mission aimed at helping the government restore security and crack down on smuggling operations in the south of the country. Magarief told reporters that his hotel was attacked by gunmen, triggering a three-hour gun battle with his personal bodyguards in which three of them were injured.

“He (Saif al-Islam Qaddafi) will stand a trial. We will do our utmost to make sure it is a fair trial. After trial, he will pay his dues, then he will be an ordinary citizen in Libya… this is the new democratic Libya, a just Libya, a fair Libya.”


The ruling space created by the departure of President Salah's government in Yemen allowed Al Qaeda freedom of action in the tribal areas of the southern state and major cities, and even helped it conquer some, and free many members of the organization from prisons in the country. The liberators rejoined the organization, increasing its ranks and increasing its power.

In Libya, too, the forces belonging to the al-Qaeda supporters' camp seem to be exploiting the country's lack of government stability to consolidate their hold on parts of it, to strengthen their ranks in released prisoners and to use sophisticated weapons seized in Gaddafi's abandoned warehouses.


Emmerson Mnangagwa

President of Zimbabwe, Survived


Nicolás Maduro

President of Venezuela, Survived

On 4 August 2018, at least two drones armed with explosives detonated in the area where Maduro was delivering an address to military officers in Venezuela. The Venezuelan government claims the event was a targeted attempt to assassinate Maduro, though the cause and intention of the explosions is debated. Others have suggested the incident was a false flag operation designed by the government to justify repression of opposition in Venezuela.

"What fuck do I give that Europe does not recognize me, that Washington does not recognize me. I care about what the Venezuelan people say"


The following fact is common to all cases and is related to the difficult situation in which the people are in, right for the time of assassination attempt.

Venezuela of 2018 knows poverty and famine in which 30% of the population eats one meal a day.

Zimbabwe in 2017 presents a difficult situation of 70% of the population below the poverty line.

Libya is an oil-rich country but wealth distribution is not done equitably and in 2011 about 40% of the population was defined as living below the poverty line.

Yemen is in the worst condition with the biggest global hunger crisis the world has seen in recent years. About 76% of the population is suffering from severe hunger, as of 2018.


Ali Abdullah Saleh

Former President of Yemen, Died

On 4 December 2017, Saleh's house in Sana'a was assaulted by fighters of the Houthi movement, according to residents. Saleh was killed on his way to Ma'rib while trying to flee into Saudi-controlled territories after a rocket-propelled grenade struck and disabled his vehicle in an ambush and he was subsequently shot in the head by a Houthi sniper, something his party denied.

“I call upon the brothers in neighbouring states and the alliance to stop their aggression, lift the siege, open the airports and allow food aid and the saving of the wounded and we will turn a new page by virtue of our neighbourliness...We will deal with them in a positive way and what happened to Yemen is enough.”


As part of being an economic power involved in many levels in the Arab world, Russia has been affected by many of the changes that have occurred and thus has lost many allies.

Having already aligned himself with the Houthis, Saleh found himself in trouble again when they accused him of contacting the Russians and the UAE, and this betrayal also led to his death.

Beyond being an ally of Russia, the most dominant terrorist organization that led the uprising against the Libyan administration was Al Qaeda. An organization that bears the hatred of Russia which thwarts its plans while holding the Syrian government stable.


Muammar Gaddafi

Former Prime Minister of Libya, Died

On 20 October 2011, Gaddafi was found hiding in a culvert west of Sirte and captured by National Transitional Council forces. He was killed shortly afterwards. The NTC initially claimed he died from injuries sustained in a firefight when loyalist forces attempted to free him, although a graphic video of his last moments show rebel fighters beating him and one of them sodomizing him with a bayonet before he was shot several times as he pleaded for his life.

“I am not going to leave this land... I will die as a martyr at the end... I shall remain, defiant. Muammar is leader of the revolution until the end of time."


Shortly before Gaddafi's assassination, and after he went underground and hid, Libyan media released a statement that Gaddafi had fled to Venezuela to take refuge.

During those years, Venezuela's president was Hugo Rafael Chávez, Gaddafi's best friend.

Much like Gaddafi, Hugo was a tyrannical leader who gave up his chair only in his death but not before he announced Maduro as his successor.